Nine players were called up to the Les Bleus squad for the first time while, as expected, captain Thierry Dusautoir is rested - with Stade Francais lock Pascal Pape set to stand in as skipper.
Michalak, who has 54 caps to his name, last represented France in the 2010 Six Nations and has earned a recall on the back of his fine performances for South African Super 15 side Sharks.
France coach Philippe Saint-Andre said in L'Equipe: "He has played very well with the Sharks. He has played at the highest level and can play at either 9 or 10.
"I can assure you he is very motivated and made every effort to return to the France team. We need a player with great potential and tremendous charisma. It's natural for him to come back."
Among the nine uncapped are locks Antoine Guillamon, Yvan Watremez and Christophe Samson, centres Geoffrey Doumayrou and Romain Martial, hooker Christopher Tolofua, flanker Romain Taofifenua, scrum-half Maxime Machenaud and wing Brice Dulin.
France are scheduled to play Argentina in Cordoba on June 16 and June 23 in Tucuman.
France squad for the two-match tour:
Forwards: D Attoub (Stade Francais), V Debaty (Clermont), A Guillamon (Lyon), Y Watremez (Biarritz), C Tolofua (Toulouse), D Szarzewski (Stade Francais), Y Maestri (Toulouse), C Samson (Toulon), P Pape (Stade Francais, capt), R Taofifenua (Perpignan), A Lapandry (Clermont), W Lauret (Biarritz), F Ouedraogo (Montpellier), L Picamoles (Toulouse), R Lakafia (Biarritz).
Backs: M Parra (Clermont), F Trinh-Duc (Montpellier), M Mermoz (Perpignan), F Michalak (Sharks), M Machenaud (Agen), B Fall (Racing Metro), W Fofana (Clermont) Y Huget (Bayonne), F Fritz (Toulouse), G Doumayrou (Montpellier), B Dulin (Agen), R Martial (Castres), JM Buttin (Clermont).
Gilbert has released a new line of rugby cleats. The Gilbert Virtuo 8S is part of the exciting new product. Check it out.
The Barbarians are one of the top invitational rugby sides with a long history and classic rugby jersey.
The Nike Tiempo is a solid rugby cleat and one of few styles still made from full-grain natural leather.
The Lions get ready for their matches with this green training jersey. It's what the players wear. Get in the Gear!
A cool looking all black rugby cleat with the high performance adidas is known for. Get in the Gear!
Wear the crest of the British and Irish Lions on your t-shirt. A great look for the summer.
The Lions are ready to get their Australia tour underway. They arrive in Perth on Monday.
The New Zealand All Blacks training jersey for 2013/14. Get in the Gear!
The USA Rugby Pro Alternate rugby jersey is perfect for any fan of the Eagles. Get yours to wear during the summer Test matches.
The NEW All Blacks 2013/14 jersey has arrived at World Rugby Shop. Dare to wear the colors of the All Blacks.