The Falcons were awarded a place in the competition after being spared relegation from the Aviva Premiership by the failure of London Welsh to meet the criteria for promotion.
But with Welsh having appealed against the Rugby Football Union's decision to exclude them from the top flight, plans for next season's competitions may have to be changed.
Newcastle were pitched alongside two French sides in Stade Francais and Grenoble and Italian outfit Cavalieri Prato in Pool Five when the draw was made at European Rugby Cup offices in Dublin.
Their place will be handed to Welsh if the RFU reverse their decision regarding promotion after a hearing on June 21.
Elsewhere in the draw for Europe's second-tier competition, former winners Gloucester were paired with Premiership rivals London Irish in Pool One. Bordeaux-Begles and Mont-de-Marsan make up the group.
Wasps, the 2003 winners, will face Newport Gwent Dragons, Bayonne and Mogliano in Pool Three while Worcester were drawn in Pool Two with Perpignan, Spanish debutants Bizkaia Gernika and Italians Rovigo.
Bath are in Pool Four with Calvisano, Agen and Bucharest Wolves.
The five pool winners will progress to the quarter-finals where they will be joined by three group runners-up from the Heineken Cup. The final will take place at Dublin's RDS Arena on May 17 next year.
Gilbert has released a new line of rugby cleats. The Gilbert Virtuo 8S is part of the exciting new product. Check it out.
The Barbarians are one of the top invitational rugby sides with a long history and classic rugby jersey.
The Nike Tiempo is a solid rugby cleat and one of few styles still made from full-grain natural leather.
The Lions get ready for their matches with this green training jersey. It's what the players wear. Get in the Gear!
A cool looking all black rugby cleat with the high performance adidas is known for. Get in the Gear!
Wear the crest of the British and Irish Lions on your t-shirt. A great look for the summer.
The Lions are ready to get their Australia tour underway. They arrive in Perth on Monday.
The New Zealand All Blacks training jersey for 2013/14. Get in the Gear!
The USA Rugby Pro Alternate rugby jersey is perfect for any fan of the Eagles. Get yours to wear during the summer Test matches.
The NEW All Blacks 2013/14 jersey has arrived at World Rugby Shop. Dare to wear the colors of the All Blacks.