England's 16-12 win over Robinson's men in Auckland and Argentina's 25-7 defeat of Georgia confirmed Scotland's third place in Pool B, meaning they have failed to reach the World Cup quarter-finals.
But Robinson, who earlier this year signed a contract extension until after the 2015 World Cup in England, remains full of enthusiasm and determination to lead the Scotland into the 2012 RBS 6 Nations and beyond.
Robinson said: "We can't hide away and nobody will be looking to hide away from the disappointment that we've got.
"We understand what it means in terms of not qualifying and what that brings.
"But I think what is important is that you see a team that is growing, is improving, but it's fallen at the final hurdle on two occasions and it needs to understand how to be successful."
After the late defeat by Argentina in Wellington, Chris Ashton's 77th-minute try, converted by Toby Flood, saw England progress as group winners despite Scotland having much the better of the match at Eden Park.
Scotland needed a win by eight points or more to have any hope of advancing to the quarter-finals and opted to go for broke when leading in the final five minutes of the match, with an up-and-under pumped into the air which England collected and ran back.
And it was a familiar tale for Scotland as Ashton scored and Robinson's men fell to an agonising loss.
Robinson, though, believes his players are near to turning close defeats into narrow victories.
He added: "Winning and losing is about small margins; it's about the inches.
"That's what Test rugby's about. You've got to be able to finish teams off. We weren't able to do that.
"The big aim for us is to be able to win these close games.
"To play like that against England... you've got to understand that with us three points ahead with five minutes to go we went for the eight-point victory. We didn't sit on the lead.
"We went and we tried something we thought we could score from. I think that's an important part to recognise.
"I think we knew what Argentina were going to do today, we knew we had to get an eight-point victory to qualify and that's what we went for.
"And that's the courage that the team has."
Composure and a lapse in concentration against England was also a factor.
Scotland led by the required margin for only 60 seconds.
After moving into a 12-3 lead, a fluffed attempt to collect a restart allowed Jonny Wilkinson to drop a goal and narrow the deficit.
Robinson added: "We had an opportunity yesterday. We got ourselves into a nine-point lead, but we released the pressure too quickly.
"That's a disappointment for us. There's a great group of players here and they put themselves into winning positions and were unable to see it out.
"It's a hard lesson. Sometimes sport can be cruel, but it's about how you can bounce yourself back and get yourselves ready for your next challenge.
"Obviously everybody's hugely disappointed with the way that we ended the tournament and with not qualifying for the quarter-final stages.
"But there's a lot of positives I'm going to take out of the tournament and for the squad it's important now we're able to start the planning now for the Six Nations."
Scotland's players will now return to their clubs and the next occasion when they will come together for an international will be in preparation for the February 4 clash with England at Murrayfield.
Robinson added: "It's important we show the emotion that we're feeling. But also it's important that these guys are able to look forward to their next challenges.
"That will be their club games, but also putting themselves in position to be selected for Scotland for its next game.
"There's a bit of time now for us to debrief what's happened, have a good look at it, but certainly I have the desire to coach the Scotland team.
"The way the players have gone about this tournament - the enthusiasm that they've had - has fuelled my desire even more to create a successful Scotland team."
Scotland fly-half Ruaridh Jackson sustained a hamstring injury and was forced off after five minutes against England.
Jackson has undergone scans to determine the full extent of the problem, with the results set to be known shortly.
Wing Max Evans was forced off at half-time with a dead leg, while scrum-half Mike Blair suffered a wrist injury in a bruising battle.
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