The 22-year-old made his Cherry and Whites debut during the 2007-08 campaign, but came of age last term making 15 starts as Bryan Redpath's side advanced to the Aviva Premiership semi-finals.
Trinder's form was rewarded with an appearance for England against the Barbarians, while he was also part of the Saxons squad that secured Churchill Cup glory in the summer.
And the Swindon-born three-quarter says opting to stay with the West Country club was an easy decision.
"I'm very pleased to get it out of the way. It now gives me an opportunity to concentrate on the rest of this season and the two seasons to come after that," he said in a Gloucester statement.
"I'm really happy to stay at Gloucester, I'm enjoying my rugby here. The coaches are great, the other players are great and we've got a really good atmosphere in the squad. There was no decision to make really.
"Bryan (Redpath) wants me to push on. He's always been very supportive and backed me as a player and that's given me great confidence to go out and play my game within the team structure.
"I like working with him, Carl Hogg and the other coaches and the new contract means I can now focus on fulfilling my potential."
Gilbert has released a new line of rugby cleats. The Gilbert Virtuo 8S is part of the exciting new product. Check it out.
The entire All Blacks apparel line has been updated for 2013/14. Check out the New Zealand All Blacks polo.
The Nike Tiempo is a solid rugby cleat and one of few styles still made from full-grain natural leather.
The Gilbert Blitz 8S rugby cleat is a great cleat at a great price of $69.99. Get a new pair of cleats today.
A cool looking all black rugby cleat with the high performance adidas is known for. Get in the Gear!
Wear the crest of the British and Irish Lions on your t-shirt. A great look for the summer.
The All Blacks Performance t-shirt is black with hints of blue from the training jersey. Very Cool.
The New Zealand All Blacks training jersey for 2013/14. Get in the Gear!
The USA Rugby Pro Alternate rugby jersey is perfect for any fan of the Eagles. Get yours to wear during the summer Test matches.
The NEW All Blacks 2013/14 jersey has arrived at World Rugby Shop. Dare to wear the colors of the All Blacks.